Category Archives Esthetics
  • What is the difference between types of skin? A guide to caring for different skin types

    If you're thinking of becoming an esthetician, you'll need to have a firm grasp of the various types of skin and how to treat and care for each individual client's skin differently. While there are five skin types, remember that everyone's skin is different, and rarely will a skin type change. Also, a person's skin condition can change as a result of any number of bodily and environmental factors, including  age, the weather, stress, and hormonal imbalances. To learn more, take a look at this basic breakdown of each skin type:

    When people refer to skin as "normal," what they mean is it's neither too oily nor too dry, has smaller pores and is fairly free of blemishes. Again, people with mostly normal skin often experience days or even weeks of oiliness and dryness, depending on a variety of factors. When a normal skin type is going through an oily spell, you should still practice a basic daily skin care regimen that includes washing with a gentle cleanser and wearing sunscreen or a product with SPF.

    Dry skin is characterized by flakiness, and also usually has tiny and tight pores, visible lines and patches of irritation. Many people experience dry skin during the winter no matter their typical skin type, which causes flaking, peeling and oftentimes painful cracking. Those who experience dry skin should bathe and wash their face in lukewarm water (never hot!), use fragrance-free products and invest in a quality moisturizer, making sure to reapply throughout the day.

    Oily skin is the result of the skin cells producing too much sebum, which often happens in adolescents and during the warmer months. Those with oily skin experience a shiny or greasy appearance, larger pores and are often prone to acne and other blemishes. People with this skin type should use gentle oil-free cleansers, serums and other products and find a lightweight moisturizer made for oily skin. They can also benefit from seeing an esthetician for regular extractions and should never pick at blemishes themselves.

    Combination skin, as the name suggests, has patches of oiliness, dryness and normal skin. This makes caring for it complicated, because it can be difficult to address all of the issues at once. People with combination skin often have oily and shiny T-zones, or the nose and forehead area, which they can treat with masks to lessen shine and help prevent breakouts.

    Almost everyone has some level of combination skin, and it's important to adjust your daily skin care regimen to how your skin looks and feels each day. Remember that changing environmental factors can make a difference as well. For instance, people with dry skin may want to invest in a humidifier, especially during winter to help keep the skin moisturized.

    Most assume being sensitive is a skin condition, but it's actually both a type and a condition. Similarly to combination skin, having skin sensitivities, whether you're born with them or react to an external factor, is difficult to manage. There will be times when a product you've been using doesn't seem to work effectively, and other times when a product you've used will all of a sudden cause irritation. Sensitive skin types require gentle cleansers and exfoliates, and a pH balanced toner that will normalize the skin after cleansing. Great care should be taken when choosing your products, especially over-the-counter products which can contain hidden irritants, such as lactic, glycolic, or salicylic acids, and certain vitamins such as A and C. As always, you should seek advice from professionals.

    Everyone, no matter their skin type, should cleanse their face daily, wear sunscreen, sunglasses and even hats outdoors to protect against UV rays and moisturize.

    Discover more about the Marinello esthetics program by finding a school near you.

  • Ask your clients these questions to ensure you're giving them great service. Top 5 questions estheticians should ask their clients

    Are you considering becoming an esthetician? If so, you may want to consider enrolling in classes to help you learn more about what it takes. Esthetician training will teach you everything you need to know to become a licensed professional, from learning techniques to hands-on training. It will also provide insight for how to handle each individual client with care and professionalism – including how to assess clients' needs at each appointment. Here are the top five questions estheticians must ask their clients before they begin their services:

    1. Can you tell me about your skin?
    No matter what types of facials or other skin treatments you're performing, you should have a basic understanding of your clients' skin before getting started. This includes everything from how dry or oily it is, to the types of blemishes they most commonly get, to where blemishes usually are. During this conversation, have your clients explain what they hope to get out of the treatments you provide and what their concerns are. This will ensure you're giving them the kind of individualized care they'll continue coming back for.

    2. What products are you using?
    Knowing the types of products your clients use is a good way to ascertain many different things. It can help you figure out what their skin type is, what types of products their skin can tolerate and whether any of the products they're using are actually leading to the problems they're seeing you to correct. It's also important to know if your clients are using Retin-A, or any brand variation of the product, as it can cause negative reactions when paired with some professional treatments. 

    3. Do you have any allergies?
    If possible, ask your clients about allergies before the day of your appointment. That way, if they have any, you can do some research to make sure the products you plan to use are completely safe. 

    4. Are you taking any prescriptions?
    Though many people aren't aware of it, many prescribed medications have skin-related side effects, including rashes, sensitivity and even thinning in many cases. All of these can really affect the types of treatments you're able to perform safely. Ask your clients about any and all prescriptions they're taking (even unrelated meds like birth control and antidepressants), and make sure to keep in your office a list or chart of skin-related side effects to specific medications.

    5. What is your at-home skin-care routine like?
    Make sure you know how your clients are taking care of their skin at home. The treatments you provide are only as good as how well your clients maintain their skin after the appointment is over, so it's important to be able to provide some insight on any adjustments they can make for the best possible results. Remember to bring this up again at the end of the appointment, and make sure to give clear and detailed instructions for aftercare. Also, though it's a battle you'll probably fight over and over with some clients, make sure they aren't picking!

    Discover more about the Marinello esthetics program by finding a school near you.

  • There are a few methods for reducing the appearance of stretch marks. How to reduce the appearance of stretch marks

    Stretch marks are among the most common skin concerns, affecting a huge amount of the population worldwide. Stretch marks are indented scars on the skin and can be found almost anywhere on the body, but are usually seen in places the skin stretches or grows quickly. This can include around the stomach, hips, thighs and breasts. While they're more commonly found in women, many men notice them forming after gaining muscle or excess weight. Pregnant women are very prone to stretch marks, with a vast majority seeing them appear around their belly in their third trimester of pregnancy. 

    Stretch marks are typically red or pink when they're first forming, and they fade to silver or white after awhile, similar to other types of scars. While many people wish to get rid of their stretch marks altogether, many treatment options simply help the striations fade faster, making them less noticeable. Take a look at these options for getting rid of stretch marks:

    Topical treatments
    There are hundreds of topical stretch mark treatments on the market, which makes it very hard to determine how effective they are at removing the scars. While many claim to remove or prevent stretch marks, very few if any will provide you the results you're looking for. There are some claims that home remedies from aloe vera, olive oil and other ingredients have vitamins and nutrients that can be reparative to the skin, but there's no proof that any of them work.

    Laser treatments
    Because topical treatments are so undependable, many people turn to more extreme removal methods, including laser treatments. Laser stretch mark removal involves either pulsed dye or fractional lasers. The basic effect is that the lasers break down the top layers of skin, which causes reduced redness and the growth of new healthy skin tissue. This can reduce the appearance of stretch marks over time. In general, the newer the stretch marks, the more treatable they will be. Make an appointment with a trusted cosmetic dermatologist before settling on this method. 

    Surgical removal
    What's known as a "tummy tuck" is the only known way to surgically remove stretch marks at this point. The tuck, or abdominoplasty, removes excess skin from the abdomen, which will also remove any stretch marks in the area. This procedure has several risks that are associated with any surgical operation. 

    Dermabrasion and peels
    Treatments like microdermabrasion and skin peels are also sometimes used for stretch mark treatment, though they're unlikely to completely remove the appearance of the scars. Both treatments, which are typically done on the face, work by removing the very top layers of skin, allowing new healthy skin tissue to grow in its place. Because stretch mark scars are deeper than just the first layers of skin, these methods may help fade the marks, but will not be completely effective.

    If you're interested in professional skin care, enrolling in esthetician training might be right for you. Discover more about the Marinello esthetics program by finding a school near you.

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